Workflow Management Systems allow organizations to define and control the various activities associated with a business process. In addition, many management systems also allow a business the opportunity to measure and analyze the execution of the process so that continuous improvements can be made. Such improvements may be short-term (e.g., reallocation of tasks to better balance the workload at any point in time) or long-term (e.g., redefining portions of the workflow process to avoid bottlenecks in the future).
Most workflow systems also integrate with other systems used by the organization: document management systems, databases, e-mail, office automation products, Geographic Information Systems, production applications, etc. This integration provides structure to a process which employs a number of otherwise independent systems. It can also provide a method (such as a project folder) for organizing documents from diverse sources.